Russian prefigurations of the postsecular thought (M. Berdyaev and I.A. Iljin)
More recently, a discussion of the relationship between science and religious faith has returned. This reconsideration of the original problem is part of the different traditions of its initial polemic. Russian religious philosophy, which was founded in the second half of the nineteenth century, and experienced its heyday in the first two decades of the twentieth century, incorporates many of these traditions. Following a 70-year reign of secular Marxist paradigm in explaining this relationship, some resistance is slowly starting to give way to another way of thinking. The article analyzes the position of Nicholas Alexandrovich Berdyaev and Ivan Iljin, important representatives of Russian religious thought. Returning to this tradition and its representatives is all the more necessary because Russian religious philosophy was similar to the postmodern context. It is the widespread perception of the crisis of science and philosophy which has given birth to cognitive skepticism. Although this is recognized as an alternative to religious teachings of spirituality, they represent one philosophical question (and necessarily provide two points of one discussion rather than two opposites).